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Lithium vs Lithium Ion Battery

From:CTECHI GROUP Limited     Release time:2018-09-21

Overview:Lithium and lithium ion batteries, or cells, are portable electricity. They both work by storing electric charges chemically; when you connect their cathode and anode with a wire, the charges flow from the battery's cathode to its anode, generating an electrical current. Each type has its pros and cons.

Lithium and lithium ion batteries, or cells, are portable electricity. They both work by storing electric charges chemically; when you connect their cathode and anode with a wire, the charges flow from the battery's cathode to its anode, generating an electrical current. Each type has its pros and cons.

Cell Type

The main distinction between lithium and lithium ion batteries is that most lithium batteries are primary cell and lithium ion batteries are rechargeable cells. The term "primary cell" refers to cells that are one-off or not rechargeable. By comparason, secondary cell batteries are reusable and rechargeable.

Comparing Lithium and Lithium-Ion

Lithium batteries are not conveniently and safely rechargeable; this problem led to the emergence of cylindrical rechargeable lithium ion battery. They can be charged many times before becoming useless. However, lithium batteries are not rechargeable and do offer more in the way of capacity than lithium ion batteries. They have a higher energy density than cylindrical rechargeable lithium ion battery. Lithium batteries use lithium metal as their anode unlike lithium ion batteries that use a number of other materials as their anode. Lithium ion batteries are in the dry tree in that their shelf life is about three years, after that, they are worthless.

How They Work

In both types, electrical currents appear because of a chemical reaction that happens inside the battery. The anode in a cell moves electrons to the cathode which is situated at the opponent end of the cell. The electrolyte that separates the cathode from the anode both stores electrical energy and serves as an electrical conductor, admitting electricity to flow through the battery and power a circuit or device.

History of Lithium-Based Batteries

Scientists worked on the idea for the lithium battery in 1912, though it wasn't until the 1970s that the the first examples became commodities to people, and these batteries were primary cell that were one-off. So rechargeable lithium ion battery manufacturers did not appear until then. The chemical instability of lithium metal made rechargeable lithium batteries too difficult to develop. In 1991, scientists used more stable lithium compounds to create a battery. This lithium ion battery was rechargeable and lighter in weight than other rechargeable battery technologies available at the time.

Lithium and Lithium-Ion Battery Uses

Both kinds of batteries offer different power for standard lithium battery sizes. They can be used in any number of devices from household flashlights to compact disc players. Lithium ion batteries can be formed into many shapes which makes them ideal for electronic devices such as game consoles, laptop computers, walkmans and cell phones. Their rechargeability makes them ideal power sources in consumer electronics. Lithium batteries are the battery of selection when it comes to powering artificial pacemakers because of their long life and the amount of power they offer. Lithium batteries work well as long-term power sources in devices that are out of reach, such as smoke detectors and computer motherboards.


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We CTECHI Group is a leading company among rechargeable lithium ion battery manufacturers, providing standard lithium battery sizes of lithium iron disulfide battery, lithium sulfur dioxide battery and lithium iron phosphate battery in China, we are not only focus on provide single cell but provide battery assembly and do OEM service for customers, CTECHI has captured 80 percent of overseas markets in the past 16 years with more than 2000 reliable customers in our customer management system, which has been being one of the leading enterprises with the most complete category in China's battery industry.

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